0843. Relations With Organizations and Military Personnel Embarked for Passage.
1. Personnel of the naval service, and other United States armed forces or services, and foreign armed forces are subject to the orders of the commanding officer of the ship or aircraft commander. The provisions of this article shall be applied to organizations and personnel of foreign armed forces, insofar as is feasible, with regard for their customs and traditions.
2. The commanding officer of the ship or the aircraft commander shall respect the identity and integrity of organizational units; and
a. shall have all orders to personnel given through their respective chains of command insofar as practicable;
b. shall require that personnel wear the uniform which corresponds as nearly as practicable to the uniform prescribed for ship’s company;
c. may require enlisted persons to perform their proportionate share of mess, watch, police and guard duty whenever he or she deems it advisable to divide those duties among personnel on board;
d. may require personnel, when in his or her opinion an emergency exists, to perform such duties as their special knowledge and skill may enable them to perform; and
e. has the power and the authority to order an offender placed in naval or military custody as is considered desirable, but in all cases where the offender is to be disembarked for disciplinary action by military authority, the offender shall be placed in military custody on board the ship or aircraft, if practicable.
3. The forgoing provisions of this article also apply to the Officer in Charge, Military Detachment, of an in-service ship of the Military Sealift Command, who is authorized to exercise the powers conferred thereby, subject to the paramount authority of the master.
4. When an organized unit is embarked for transportation only in a ship of the Navy, the officer in command of such organized unit shall retain the authority which he or she possessed over such unit prior to embarkation, including the power to order special or summary courts-martial upon enlisted personnel under his or her command. Nothing in the paragraph shall be construed as impairing the paramount authority of the commanding officer of the ship over all persons embarked therein.